Magentis and Optima repair since 2000 of release
1. Engines
2. Greasing system
3. Cooling system
4. Control and decrease in toxicity
5. Fuel system
6. Ignition system
7. Coupling
8. Transmission
9. Power shafts, axes
10. Suspension bracket
10.1. Specifications
10.2. Rack of a forward suspension bracket
10.3. Bottom lever of a forward suspension bracket
10.4. Top lever of a forward suspension bracket
10.5. Shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket
10.6. Replacement of the top lever of a back suspension bracket
10.7. Replacement of the longitudinal lever of a back suspension bracket
10.8. Replacement of the supporting lever of a back suspension bracket
10.9. Replacement of the central lever of a back suspension bracket
10.10. Replacement of draft of the back stabilizer of cross-section stability
10.11. Corners of installation of forward wheels
10.12. Adjustment of a convergence of back wheels
10.13. Disorder of back wheels
10.14. Wear of tires
10.15. Wheel palpation
10.16. Search and elimination of malfunctions
11. Steering
12. Brake system
13. Body
14. Central air
15. Electric equipment
16. Electric circuits
 










10-16-poisk-i-ustranenie-neispravnostejj.html

10.16. Search and elimination of malfunctions

Probable cause

Elimination method
Hard steering
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  2. Excessive resistance to rotation of the spherical hinge of the bottom lever
  3. Low pressure in tires
  4. The amplifier of a steering does not work
  1. Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels
  2. Replace the spherical hinge
  3. Adjust pressure in tires
  4. Repair or replace the amplifier of a steering
Insufficiently accurate return of a steering wheel to a starting position
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  1. Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels
Rigid uncomfortable movement of the car
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  2. The shock-absorber works with failures
  3. The stabilizer is damaged or worn-out
  4. The cylindrical spring is damaged or worn-out
  5. The plug of the bottom lever is worn-out
  6. Low pressure in tires
  1. Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels
  2. Replace the shock-absorber
  3. Replace the stabilizer
  4. Replace a cylindrical spring
  5. Replace the bottom lever
  6. Adjust pressure in tires
Non-uniform wear of tires
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  2. The shock-absorber works with failures
  1. Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels
  2. Replace the shock-absorber
Car "roving"
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  2. The spherical hinge of the bottom lever is worn-out
  3. The plug of the bottom lever is worn-out
  1. Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels
  2. Replace the spherical hinge
  3. Replace the bottom lever
The car conducts in one party
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  2. Excessive resistance to rotation of the spherical hinge of the bottom lever
  3. The cylindrical spring is damaged or worn-out
  4. The bottom lever is bent
  1. The bottom lever is bent
  2. Replace the spherical hinge
  3. Replace a cylindrical spring
  4. Replace the bottom lever
Angular oscillating motions of operated wheels
  1. Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted
  2. The spherical hinge of the bottom lever is worn-out
  3. The stabilizer is damaged or worn-out
  4. The plug of the bottom lever is worn-out
  5. The shock-absorber works with failures
  6. The cylindrical spring is damaged or worn-out
  1. Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels
  2. Replace the spherical hinge
  3. Replace the stabilizer
  4. Replace the bottom lever
  5. Replace the shock-absorber
  6. Replace a cylindrical spring
Prosedaniye of a car suspension bracket
  1. The cylindrical spring is damaged or worn-out
  2. The shock-absorber works with failures
  1. Replace a cylindrical spring
  2. Replace the shock-absorber
Abnormal noise
  1. Suspension bracket elements are insufficiently tightened
  2. Wheel bearings are damaged or worn-out
  3. The shock-absorber is damaged
  4. The tire is damaged
  1. Tighten suspension bracket elements
  2. Replace wheel bearings
  3. Replace the shock-absorber
  4. Replace the tire
Unstable movement of the car
  1. Low pressure in tires
  2. The shock-absorber works with failures
  3. Nuts of fastening of a wheel are not tightened
  4. Loss of elasticity or damage of a cylindrical spring
  1. Adjust pressure in tires
  2. Replace the shock-absorber
  3. Tighten nuts of fastening of a wheel the recommended moment of an inhaling
  4. Replace a cylindrical spring
The body of the car is inclined on one party
  1. The tire is damaged
  2. The plug is worn-out
  3. Deformation of elements of a suspension bracket
  4. Loss of elasticity or damage of a cylindrical spring
  1. Replace the tire
  2. Replace the plug
  3. Replace suspension bracket elements
  4. Replace a cylindrical spring

Diagnostics of wear of tires

Wear of the central part of a protector

Very high pressure in the tire

Wear of the central part of a protector to a cord because of a high pressure in the tire

Wear of two lateral parts of a protector

Low pressure in the tire

Camber on закраине tires

Fast wear

Vyryvaniye of pieces of the tire

Vyryvaniye of badly established patch as a result of action of centrifugal force

One party of a protector is worn-out more than the second

Wrong corner of disorder of forward wheels

Flat spots on a protector

Braking with blocking of wheels

Inflow or ledge on the tire

The convergence of wheels is broken

Unreliable fastening of a patch

In one place some patches are established

Non-uniform wear of the tire

Balancing of wheels, malfunctions of steering transfer, a suspension bracket or the bearing is broken

There is no protector drawing

The protector is worn-out below an admissible limit


«on a step back
10.15. Wheel palpation
on the following page»
11. Steering